The Effect of Color

We are surrounded by colors. Everything we see and observe is reflected in colors. That is why colors have such a great effect on our emotions. While some colors can make us feel happy from time to time, others can lead to melancholy. In the same manner, colors can also give rise to anger or excitement.

Well then, how appropriate do you think it would be to use colors randomly when they are so much ingrained in our lives; for example, imagine choosing colors only for the purpose of reflecting a modern and elegant look or to cover up dirt when decorating the interior of a house, school or hospital? Have you ever considered how your choice of color will affect a person both physiologically and psychologically?

Decisions regarding choice of color might seem mundane to you in the rush of our daily lives. However you should consider the fact that the effect colors have on us is well beyond what we imagine. Besides, we’re not talking about a fleeting thought you might have about a nice, lively color you saw flash by you. Those instant thoughts are easily forgotten. However, being exposed to a color for a longer period of time, or on a continual basis, will affect you thoroughly.




This is true especially for children... Colors mean so much more to their sensitive and highly imaginative inner worlds.

For this reason alone, it is necessary to conduct a much more detailed and professional analysis in comparison to adults, in choosing colors that are suitable for children. There are a few important criteria that we need to pay attention to regarding the subject. Primarily, children’s rooms must be attractive and entertaining as well as supportive of their education and brain development. Additionally, in choosing the wall color for their rooms, we must endeavor to protect their sight, provide them with a proper study environment, protect their physical and mental health and create an environment conducive to a comfortable sleep...



We must show the same sensitivity where schools are concerned. We are all aware of the significance of the teaching staff, building structure and education material available in institutions of education. How about colors? Have you ever considered which colors would be the best for healthy eyes, provide the means for better learning and support both physical and mental health?

It has been demonstrated in many scientific studies that inappropriate physical environments are the underlying causes of ailments, cases of disquiet, loss of interest, and behavioral problems reported in children. Are you aware of the fact that the most important factor among these is the use of poorly planned light and color?

Colors are like games to children. If you wish, you can learn the language of colors to create better playmates that will further enliven their already colorful inner worlds. In this way, their imaginations will further develop, motivations and focusing skills will improve and psychologies will be positively affected.

We should note that children always turn out to be the winners in this game. Due to all the reasons mentioned above, we conducted a collaborative study together with Specialist Psychologist Ayben Ertem. We prepared the “Filli Boya The Effect of Color on Children” and “Filli Boya Use of Color in Schools” collections as we sought answers to questions like “How colors affect us and our children”, “Affect of colors on attention/learning at schools?” and “What can we do regarding the subject?”



In our “Filli Boya The Effect of Color on Children” collection, we offer suggestions by setting out the effect color has on the development, creativity, productivity and learning of children, by means of the energy light emits, and as such we provide a very important resource that will benefit families and parents alike. In this collection we discuss, under separate headings, the strong connection between children and colors as we elaborate on the power, definition, and basic elements of colors, their effect on children, and the choice of right colors for the age group concerned. We also offer suggestions regarding the right colors for children with special needs.

On the other hand, we have developed the “Filli Boya The Use of Color in Schools” collection that will be distributed to schools in collaboration with the Ministry of National Education and Specialist Psychologist Ayben Ertem. In this collection, whereby the school buildings are segmented on the basis of their location, rate at which they receive light and the surfaces of their windows, the shades of colors suitable for use in kindergartens, elementary and secondary schools are included. We provide color suggestions for kindergarten classrooms, play rooms, the cafeteria, principal’s office and corridors, while color alternatives are provided for elementary and secondary schools based on the light in classrooms as well as the line of vision. Furthermore, in this study, color choices are provided separately for each wall available in the classrooms of elementary and secondary schools.

Additionally, we have provided for your perusal the www.renketkisi.com internet site, which includes articles on the psychological and health effects of colors, on the basis of spaces such as children’s rooms and schools, and contains scientific and academic articles and data on color. We invite you to open the doors to a completely different world by visiting www.renketkisi.com...

environment and color

According to studies, the majority of children reach their peak in recognizing colors at the age of 4 to 4.5 years. The transition from recognition of colors to the recognition of shapes comes around 5 years of age and shape dominance is mainly revealed at age 9. In other words, color is the most important factor in design for preschool children and even for children up to ages 7 to 8.

While some colors stimulate, others lead to relaxation, comfort, tiredness or sometimes anxiety. The reaction to each color originates from our subconscious. In planning the classrooms in schools, it is beneficial to know that various colors activate certain functions. For example, dark colors in the environment can cause uncertainty and gloominess in students. Colors can give rise to emotional reactions such as feelings of coldness or warmth. Generally, when a school is being built the plans are not drawn on the basis of the role colors play in learning and their psycho-physiological effect on children. Studies on the effects of colors first started in the industrial field. Many effects, ranging from a reduction in accidents and better conducted surgical procedures in hospitals, to faster recuperation of patients in their rooms, have been observed. Each and every color used appropriately will have a positive contribution to the environment it is used in. The appropriate use of colors in schools will also affect learning positively.

Cheerful and joyful colors can boost a child’s self confidence. Children are affected by changes and fluctuations in an environment. They may get confused or become fearful. In this context, the height of the ceiling and the harmony of light and color carry great importance. The space they occupy must be rendered safe, comfortable and interesting for them.

children and color

There are important studies on the relationship between a child’s emotional and cognitive development and environmental factors. Especially preschool children want to feel safe in their environment. Their brains require stimulation and their environments must be supportive of their imaginations. The subject matter environment must at the same time help them concentrate, not strain their eyes or produce uncomfortable visual stimulants.

Among other factors, colors play an important role in a child’s life. There are studies showing their effect on physical reactions and muscle strength. We should note here that the color blue strengthens the muscles while red and pink have an opposite effect. According to Grangaard (1993), alpha brain waves can be altered, and hormones that alter our mood and provide clarity of mind can be released with the effect of colors.

Adults are responsible for taking care of preschool children, and therefore it is their duty to create balanced and positive environments for them. In implementing secondary and tertiary colors, decisions must be made as to whether it is desirable to induce happiness and joy by using yellow, or stimulation and excitement by using red. Children start to derive enjoyment out of color combinations from age 4 onward and are only fully able to understand and use colors in their artwork between ages 8 to 12. Even at that age their understanding of color combinations is not as developed as it is in adults. (Sharpe, 1974)